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  A drop kick is a type of Kick in various codes of football. It involves someone dropping a ball and then kick it when it bounces off the ground. It contrasts to a Punt kick|punt wherein the dropper kicks the ball without letting it hit the ground first. The simplest version of a drop kick exists in association football where it is used optionally by the goalkeeper to perform a long-range clearance after receiving possession of the ball from open play. The goalkeeper drops the ball so that it bounces, after which point he kicks the ball in midair. Kicking the ball after, rather than before, a bounce helps it to fly farther. Other football codes have particular ways of using drop kicks as outlined below.  Rugby football  Drop kick technique The drop kick technique in both rugby codes is to hold the ball with one end pointing downwards in two hands above the kicking leg. The ball is dropped onto the ground in front of the kicking foot, which makes contact at the moment or fractionally after the ball touches the ground, called the "half-volley". The kicking foot usually makes contact with the ball slightly on the instep. "Kicking: The Drop Kick"] at Retrieved 11 October 2007. In a rugby union kick-off or drop out, the kicker usually aims to kick the ball very high but not a great distance, and so usually strikes the ball after it has started to bounce upwards off the ground, so the contact is made close to the bottom of the ball. For the tactics of the drop goal in open play (field goal), see drop goal. Rugby union In rugby union, a drop kick is used for the kick-off and restarts and to score a Field goal (rugby)|field or drop goal. Originally it was one of only two ways to score points, along with the place kick. Drop kicks are mandatory: *from the centre spot to start a half (a kick-off) *from the centre spot to restart the game after points have been scored *to restart play from the 22-metre line (called a drop-out) after the ball is touched down or made dead in the in-goal area by the defending team when the attacking team kicked or took the ball into the in-goal area *to score a field goal or drop goal (or dropped goal) in open play, which is worth three points. Drop kicks are optional: *for a conversion kick after a try has been scored, but this is rare, as place kicks are generally used for the conversion *for a penalty kick to score a penalty goal, but this is rare, as place kicks are generally used *when kicking for touch (the sideline) from a penalty, although the option of a punt kick is usually taken instead. Additionally, in rugby sevens, the drop kick is used for all conversion attempts which must be taken within 40 seconds of the try being scored. Rugby league In rugby league, drop kicks are mandatory: *to restart play from the goal line (called a goal line drop-out) after: **the defending team forces the ball in the in-goal area **the defending team is tackled or knocks on in the in-goal area **the defending team causes the ball to go dead or into touch-in-goal *to restart play from the 20 metre line after an unsuccessful penalty goal attempt goes dead or into touch-in-goal *to score a field goal or drop goal (or dropped goal) in open play, which is worth one point. Drop kicks are optional: *for a penalty kick to score a penalty goal, but this is rare, as place kicks are generally used *when kicking for touch (the sideline) from a penalty, although the option of a punt kick is usually taken instead. In rugby league nines as with rugby union sevens, the drop kick is used for all conversion attempts after a try has been scored.  American and Canadian football  This section is linked from GMC Professional Grade Play ESPY Award In both American football and Canadian football, one method of scoring a Field goal goal or extra point is by drop-kicking the football through the goal. The drop kick was often used in early football as a surprise tactic: The ball would be Snap or Lateral pass|lateraled to a back, who would perhaps fake a run or pass, but then would kick the field goal instead. This method of scoring worked well in the 1920s and 1930s, when the football was rounder at the ends (similar to a modern rugby ball). Early football stars such as Jim Thorpe, Paddy Driscoll and Elbert Bloodgood|Al Bloodgood were skilled drop-kickers; Driscoll in 1925 and Bloodgood in 1926 hold a tied NFL record of four drop-kicked field goals in a single game Pro Football Hall of Fame . In 1934, the ball was made more pointed at the ends. This made passing the ball easier, as was its intent, but made the drop kick obsolete, as the more pointed ball did not bounce up from the ground reliably. The drop kick was supplanted by the place kick, which cannot be attempted out of a formation generally used as a running or passing set. The drop kick remains in the rules, but is seldom seen, and rarely effective when attempted. Because it is a relatively obscure and obsolete maneuver.