File:Charron Girardot Voigt armored car: the 1902. Richard Simms|Simms' 1902 Motor War Car. File:Charron Girardot Voigt Charron Girardon & Voigt. 1906 Austro-Daimler Armoured Fighting Vehicle - Prototype Image:Rolls Royce 1920 Mk1 1 Rolls Royce armoured car 1920 pattern shop workers built this vehicle for use by the Danish resistance movement near the end of World War II Image:MPW Kubus a replica of a Poland|Polish WWII armored vehicle made by the Home Army armoured car AMZ Dzik used by the Polish military police Image:French VBL modern France|French VBL reconnaissance vehicle A military armored (or armoured ) car (see differences) is a wheeled armored vehicle, lighter than other armored fighting vehicles, primarily being armored and/or armed for self-defense of the occupants. Other multi-axled wheeled military vehicles can be quite large, and actually be superior to some smaller tracked vehicles in terms of armor and armament. History At the beginning of the twentieth century a number of military armored vehicles were manufactured by adding armor and weapons to existing vehicles. The first manufactured one was the "Motor War Car" in 1902. The Italians used armored cars during the Italo-Turkish War. Crow, "Encyclopedia of Armored Cars", pg. 102 A great variety of amored cars appeared on both sides during World War I and these were used in various ways. Generally, the armored cars were used by more or less independent car commanders. However, sometimes they were used in larger units up to squadron size. The cars were primarily armed with light machine guns. But larger units usually employed a few cars with heavier guns. As air power became a factor, armored cars offered a mobile platform for anti-aircraft guns. Crow, "Encyclopedia of Armored Cars", pg. 25 Image:RNAS armoured cars Cape Helles Rolls-Royces of the Royal Naval Air Service being used in Gallipoli in 1915 In 1914, the Belgians fielded some early examples of armored cars during the "Race to the Sea". The United Royal Naval Air Service then began using cars to rescue downed reconnaissance pilots in the battle areas, and as these excursions became increasingly dangerous, they improvised boiler plate armoring on the vehicles. Eventually, customized Rolls-Royce Armoured armored cars were ordered, but when they arrived in December 1914, the mobile period on the Western Front was already over. "First World War" - Willmott, H.P., Dorling Kindersley, 2003, Pg. 59 Military use A military armored car is a type of armoured fighting fighting vehicle having wheels (from four to ten large off-road wheels) instead of Caterpillar track|tracks, and usually light vehicle armour|armor. Armored cars are typically less expensive and have superior speed and range compared to tracked military vehicles. Most are not intended for heavy fighting; their normal use is for command, control, and or for use against lightly armed insurgents or rioters. Only some are intended to enter close combat, often accompanying convoys to protect soft-skinned vehicles. They usually mount a machine gun, autocannon, or small tank gun. Other uses include as a way to move (or tow) various long-range rocket, missile, or mortar batteries through dangerous areas while giving some protection to the crew. Armored cars are popular for peacekeeping or internal security duties. Their appearance is less and threatening than tanks, and their size and is more compatible with tight urban spaces designed for wheeled vehicles. They can also be much more easily air-deployed in cargo planes. Many modern forces now have their dedicated armored car designs, to exploit the advantages noted above. Examples would be the M1117 Armored Security Vehicle of the United States|USA or Alvis Saladin of the post-World War II era in the United Kingdom. Alternatively, civilian vehicles may be modified into improvised armored cars in ad-hoc fashion. Many militias and irregular forces adapt civilian vehicles into AFVs (armored fighting vehicles) and troop carriers, and in some regional conflicts these technical (fighting are the only combat vehicles present. On occasion, even the soldiers of national militaries are forced to adapt their Gun vehicles for combat use, often using Improvised vehicle armor and scrounged weapons.